31 Business Insights
In this work, we demonstrate that PerkinElmer's NexION? 2000 ICP-MS, with its unique RF generator and ion optics, coupled with the Syngistix? Nano Application Software Module, can be used to accurately measure and characterize NP sizes of 10 nm and smaller, both alone and in a mixture of NPs of various sizes.
A new, simple sample-preparation method which results in minimal contamination has been developed for the ultratrace interference-free analysis of solar-grade silicon wafers using an ELAN DRC II ICP-MS.
This work has demonstrated the ability of the NexION 2000 ICP-MS to analyze both natural and drinking water samples in Standard (i.e. non-cell) mode, in accordance with U.S. EPA Method 200.8. Accuracy has been demonstrated through the analysis of several reference materials and spike recoveries, with stability of at least nine hours. Method detection limits allow for trace-level determinations, while the ability to selectively suppress user-defined isotopes also allows the measurement of analyte levels usually only possible by ICP-OES or Flame AA. The NexION 2000 provides a comprehensive solution to the challenge of U.S. EPA Method 200.8 and other drinking and natural water analytical requirements across the globe.
This work focuses on the analysis of wastewaters following the guidelines provided in U.S. EPA Method 200.7. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) developed Method 200.7 for the determination of metals and trace elements in waters and wastes by ICP-OES, with the current version being Revision 4.4.1 While the scope of this method allows it to be applied to a variety of sample types, a common application is wastewater analysis.
When blending base oils and additives for use as lubricants, it is important to know and control the concentrations of certain elements for optimal performance and longer engine life. This work will focus on the analysis of additives in new oils using PerkinElmer’s Avio? 200 ICP Optical Emission Spectrometer1 (ICP-OES), which overcomes limitations of other ICP-OES systems and X-ray analyses.
Compliance with California’s Proposition 65 for the monitoring of lead (Pb) in calcium-based antacid medications and dietary supplements requires the analytical methodology to demonstrate detection limits below 0.05 μg/g in the solid material. The analytical capabilities of Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS) make it the most suitable technique for performing lead determinations at these low levels on a routine basis.
With heavy machinery, it is important to assess its status during operation to prevent breakdowns and costly repairs. A key aspect is monitoring the status of the oil or lubricants used to lubricate various components such as engines, transmissions, gearboxes and many other important areas: if the oil degrades too much or becomes highly contaminated, it can damage various components. Because of its importance, ASTM created a method for the analysis of in-service oils: method D5185.
The London Metal Exchange issues specifications for a number of different metals in several grades. This work focuses on the analysis of lead of different purities with PerkinElmer’s Avio? 500 ICP Optical Emission Spectrometer (ICP-OES), using “Special Contract Rules for Standard Lead1 ”as a guideline for the analytes and concentrations.
The analysis of soils for elemental contents presents challenges during the sample preparation step. A common method for preparing a soil sample for inorganic elemental analysis involves digesting the soil sample in an acid that is heated to near-boiling to extract the elements for analysis. When using open vessels in heating blocks, this extraction method typically takes four hours or more to complete. The sample must then be centrifuged or filtered to remove solid particles prior to analysis. The use of a microwave digestion system can speed this up significantly by completing the acid digestion in less than 50 minutes.
The London Metal Exchange (LME) issues specifications for a variety of purities for different metals. This work focuses on the analysis of contaminants in nickel with PerkinElmer’s Avio? 500 ICP Optical Emission Spectrometer (ICP-OES), using “Special Contract Rules for Primary Nickel”1 as a guideline for the analytes and required concentrations.
Nanoparticles (NPs) have been of significant interest over the last two decades as they offer attractive benefits for drug delivery to overcome limitations in conventional chemotherapy. 3 Nanoparticles can be engineered to carry both drugs and imaging probes to simultaneously detect and treat cancer. They may also be designed to specifically target diseased tissues and cells in the body. A number of nanoparticlebased cancer therapeutics have been approved for clinical use and/or are currently under development.
Cisplatin, carboplatin, and oxaliplatin are the most widely used of platinum-based cancer chemotherapy drugs in the Western world. Cisplatin's effectiveness is due to its ability to bind to the DNA, resulting in DNA-platinum (Pt) adducts, which bend the DNA. The cells must then repair the DNA damage, otherwise DNA replication is blocked resulting in cell death. Many cancers are initially sensitive to platinum-based treatment, but patients frequently relapse with tumors displaying resistance to further cisplatin therapy.